In this post, i presented my simulation of free surface over cylindrical spillway using OpenFOAM solver (interFoam).
following steps are conducted for preparing case:

Create grid with OpenFOAM mesh generators

  • generate base grid with blockMesh
  • extract spillway from base grid and refine locally around spillway with snappyHexMesh
  • extrude front patch to create 2D grid for simulation

The extrudeMeshDict setup is:

constructFrom patch;
sourceCase ".";
sourcePatches (front);

exposedPatchName back;

flipNormals false;

extrudeModel linearNormal;

nLayers 1;

expansionRatio 1.0;

 thickness 0.1;
mergeFaces false;
mergeTol 0;

snappyHexMesh divides cells in z direction which is not suitable for 2D simulation. Thus extrudeMesh extrudes the front patch, so the final grid have only one cell in z direction. The final grid is shown below:

grid around cylindrical spillway is created with OpenFOAM utilities: blockMesh, snappyHexMesh and extrudeMesh

Simulation settings and result

  • apply setFields to create non-uniform initial condition for volume fraction
  •  apply blank roughness using wall function nutRoughWallFunction via turbulence model
  •  run solver interFoam
  • add appropriate functions  into controlDict via swak4Foam for post processing. For example, the depth of water over spillway crest is calculated as follow:
 type     swakExpression;
 valueType    set;
 verbose    true;
 setName    yb1;
 type    uniform;
 axis    y;
 start   ( 0 -0.175 -0.15 );
 end     ( 0  0.175 -0.15 );
 nPoints   60;
 aliases  { alpha1  alpha.water; }
 expression "(alpha1 > 0.5) ? pos().y+0.175 :0";
 accumulations (max);
 interpolate   true;
 interpolationType   cellPoint ;
 outputControlMode   timeStep;
 outputInterval   1;

simulation of free surface on spillway using interFoam

For inlet, variableHeightFlowRate  and variableHeightFlowRateInletVelocity is employed for alpha.water and velocity, respectively. These BCs consider the effect of downstream on the patch.

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